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As in the United States, the free trade agreement is proving to be a very divisive issue in Korea. Opposition arguments tend to focus on perceived disparities in the agreement as well as public opinion. Supporters tend to focus on economic predictions. On 7 December 2018, the National Assembly ratified the agreement by 180-5 votes to support the agreement and 19 abstentions. 18 In the meantime, no vote in Congress was required in the United States, as the scope of the revisions was limited and no changes had been made to the United States statutes. After the opposition party rejected its agreement on negotiating the free trade agreement, the ruling Grand National Party could perhaps ratify the free trade agreement alone in Parliament.  Over the past few decades, the ROK has experienced remarkably high economic growth and has been the sixth largest U.S. trading partner for products in 2019. Major U.S. firms have long been major investors and the U.S. was LA ROK`s second largest source of foreign direct investment in 2018, according to the International Monetary Fund. In 2019, U.S.
foreign direct investment in the ICC was $39.1 billion. The two countries reached $168.6 billion in trade in 2019, with significant flows of industrial goods, agricultural products, services and high-tech products. ROK`s foreign direct investment in the United States has more than tripled since 2011, from $19.7 billion to $61.1 billion in 2019, after the countries of the ultimate economic beneficiary, making the Republic of Korea the second largest Source of Foreign Direct Investment to the United States. Over the past three years, Korean companies have made major investment announcements in automotive components, industrial equipment, consumer electronics and other sectors. The KORUS Free Trade Agreement entered into force on 15 March 2012, underscoring the depth of bilateral trade relations. In 2018, the United States and ROK negotiated amendments and amendments to KORUS and the updated agreement came into effect on January 1, 2019. Given that the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) estimates that tariff reductions in the U.S.-South Korea trade agreement alone will increase U.S.
merchandise exports by $10 billion to $11 billion, promoting the agreement will guarantee the tens of thousands of U.S. jobs supported by these exports – as well as the additional U.S. jobs created by the removal of non-tariff barriers that drive U.S. exports away South Korea. and calling for greater protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in South Korea. The agreement was ratified by the United States on October 12, 2011, with the Senate having passed it 83-15 and the House of Representatives 278-151.  It was ratified by the South Korean National Assembly on 22 November 2011 by 151 votes in, 7 against and 12 abstentions.  The agreement came into force in March 2012.  A new renegotiation took place between the end of 2017 and the end of March 2018, when an agreement was reached between the two governments.
 On October 12, 2011, the U.S. Congress approved the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement. On October 21, 2011, the President of the United States signed an agreement on the implementation of the agreement.